Get Resilient - Blog
Latest Articles
0
Our wet winter showed the relevance of re...
Biodiversity, Communities, Transport, Food

The winter weather was quite something wasn’t it? Our newspapers and TV channels were s...

+ Read More
0
Human migration; an effective response to...
Communities

Environmental factors have long had an impact on global migration flows as, historically, peo...

+ Read More
Monday 31st March 2014
A Country for old Men (and Women)?
Contributor: Jeremy Bugler

Every week, at least, I am reminded what a fortunate life I have been granted.  Born in 1941, I am a member of the lucky generation. True, I could have snuffed it while an infant (enteritis in Cairo, set off by the dust storms) or a toddler. I went on three long journeys through seas where U-boats were hunting. Two were in convoys, with my brave mother travelling with two very small children and only `women and children first!’ as comfort.  Later she told us how she prayed that old tramp steamers slowing down the convoy would just put on a few more knots. For the third journey, from Haifa to Newcastle, we boarded a fast liner which travelled solo, zig-zagging  through the Med to avoid torpedoes. The U-boats were busy elsewhere. I can still remember being carried down the ship’s gangway into freezing winter wartime Newcastle, and travelling south in an unheated railway carriage, marvelling at the grime on the windows. Once south, there were V1 bombs coming in but again I was lucky.

Since then my fortune has held out. I went to schools in the unpressured 50s and had my university days in Dublin in the thrilling sixties, when it really looked as though society was going to change for good toward an egalitarian model. When I graduated and went looking for jobs in newspapers, the papers were crying out for reporters. One could get job offers even if one had little of Nicolas Tomalin’s celebrated essential qualities of the journalist: “rat-like cunning, a plausible manner and a little literary ability.” 

When Sue and I had our children, we brought them up in times when the roads were so safe that no one thought it odd that we let three children, age eight, six and five walk back home down London streets on their own. 

And now that I am white-thatched, again I find I am lucky. We were able to buy a house at reasonable prices and got our pensions before chancellors started raising the pay-out age. And medical advances have left us fairly hale with conceivably many years ahead of us.

But I worry a bit now about how our luck is being won at the expense of other generations. It’s not only that the old-age pension is the biggest chunk of the social security budget. It’s that there are just too many of us. I am struck by how Britain is becoming a country of old men - and women. Troublesome teenagers hanging around on street corners are not the problem - it is the old people crowding the streets, some on sticks, many swaying from side to side on defective hips and knees. The other day I witnessed a scene in Hay on Wye: an old bloke on a mobility scooter driving briskly down a narrow pavement and two time-worn people desperately trying to get their arthritic limbs to move them out of his way.  Why does this matter?  In some senses, it doesn’t at all - if  people are happy to be living so long. In other ways - we are becoming a social nuisance. As an age group we soak up a disproportionate and gerowing amount of NHS resources and the longer we live, the more we consume.   Centenarians are now commonplace.  A good friend in his eighties has just suffered the loss of his parents - both over a hundred. The NHS won’t survive such a tidal wave of the elderly infirm. There are some murmurings now that after the age of 80 or 85, say, patients should be offered palliative drugs and operations to relieve pain but no life-extending treatment. But who are the most assiduous voters? Pensioners. Chances of this plan being enacted: zero.

_________________________________________________ 

Clashing signs in local newsagent: they are clean out of sympathy cards. Unhopeful headline in The Daily Telegraph seen in same local newsagent: Statins have no bad side-effects.

_________________________________________________ 

The 2014 Budget may be remembered for releasing new pensioners to splurge their savings on cruises, cars and consumer goods. But it will surely go down as the most emphatic proof from this Government that they just don’t get climate change.  I am indebted to the Editor of this site for pointing out the absurdity of a Chancellor setting aside large sums to repair shattered flood defences and road pot-holes after the wettest winter since Britons gave up wearing woad - and also cutting the price of carbon and reducing green taxes on business.  

In The Observer, Nick Cohen was reduced to a state of despair: “the politicians know that beyond the corporations and the cultish fanatics in their grass roots lies the great mass of the people, whose influence matters most. They accept at some level that man-made climate change is happening but don’t want to think about it.”

He went on "I am no better than them. I could write about the environment every week.  No editor would stop me. But the task feels as hopeless as arguing against growing old. Whatever you do or say, it is going to happen. How can you persuade countries to accept huge reductions in their living standards to limit (not stop) the rise in temperatures? How can you persuade the human race to put the future ahead of the present?

My answer is that even if we live, as I have written here, in a fucked world, we must behave as if there is hope. It’s an outside chance, but perhaps huge economic recessions may buy us time. Major pandemics, though one would not wish them on any society, may buy more. Technological changes may buy a little too. We have to go on striving to avert the disaster. As Bertrand Russell wrote “when striving ceases, so does life.

_________________________________________________ 

In the meantime, we must act intelligently in those provinces of our lives where we have control. We found an admirable example during our visit to Uganda last month. In the lovely western part of that country lies the Kibale National Forest, a rich rainforest of 80 square kilometres with more primate species than any other forest in East Africa. Not that long ago, it was rather larger than 80 square kilometres.   But its edges got eaten away, as small farmers pushed in, and cut down the trees to grow crops. According to the Ugandan Wildlife Authority, the farmers had no legal rights to their new land, and in the 80s, the Ugandan government decided to re-settle the farmers in a different area. No one pretends that this was popular with the local people. It must have been a bit like the Highland Clearances, but set on the equator.

But since then, the Ugandan Wildlife Authority (UWA – colloquially known as “Uuwaa”) appears to have been making amends.  With funding from a Dutch charity called Face the Future, it has been working closely with the communities.  Up till very recently, the farms next to the forest were routinely ravaged by the elephants that live in the forest.   Wilfred Chemutai from UWA invited us into his Toyota HiLux pick-up  - now more popular in Uganda than Land Rovers – to show us around, with comforting presence in the back of Alexie and an AK47 to frighten off the forest-dwelling elephants.    Wilfred and Alexie pointed out the deep ditch or trench that has been dug around the perimeter of the forest.   The elephants, he said, cannot cross the trench for fear of getting stuck.   I said: but what happens when the trench meets a road?   Wilfred showed us:  at the meeting point, a flat wooden construction lay flat over the road, rather like a bridge with nothing to bridge over.  Elephants, he said, will not cross onto the wooden planks.   Why?  Because deep in elephant memory is the look of elephant traps, branches and wood laid across a pit.  An elephant never forgets, indeed.

More ways of involving the communities nearby are pursued.  On Saturdays, neighbours of one large section of the forest can enter and take out dead wood for their cooking stoves.    They get a share of the carbon funds the re-forestation project earns  - and they also get a share of the tourist income that UWA gets from chimpanzee-watching walks. ($100 a head).   Realising that muzungu (white folks) pay this money to see the forest monkeys, the local people have been persuaded to stop killing the monkeys (which raid their crops.)  (The term muzungu is derived from a Swahili word;  it literally means “someone who wanders around aimlessly”.)

The locals have their own ingenious ways to deal with raiding wildlife.   One is very simple: hot chilli peppers.  They are planted among the bananas as second line of defence against the elephants, which have a horror of chillis, perhaps going back to the day when a great-grandfather elephant picked a whole plant and swallowed it. At the sight and smell of a chilli plant, the elephants turn tail. That’s a superhot pepper.

_________________________________________________ 

The times I agreed with Margaret Thatcher are the same in number as the legs of Douglas Bader.  But no, in one thing I think she was right: the Metropolitan Police. She thought the leadership of the Met so hopeless, and the attitudes of its rank and file so self-interested that she espoused the idea of setting up an officer class for the Met, on the lines of Sandhurst.   Just as the notion of the British Army being led by over-promoted squaddies is absurd, so the police service’s beloved idea of every policeman having to rise through from the rank of the beat constable  is an anachronism.  It has led to a Met which is culturally backward and corrupt, racist, sexist  - and organised for the benefit of its members first of all.  It exists to serve the interests of a narrow segment of white working-class of London. It is the Print - but in uniform and with powers of stop and search.

 

Tuesday 25th February 2014
Our vision? "Eating twice a day and putting on good clothes". Jeremy Bugler finds resilience in Uganda's rural communities.
Contributor: Jeremy Bugler

Just a few days ago, we were driving down a road in eastern Uganda, windows tight shut against the clouds of dust and exhaust smoke thrown up by the lorry in front of us. I was a bit down. Everywhere one looked there were people, often poor people, scratching a living in battered villages and little farms, although the earth is very fertile. Above us loomed the magnificent structure of Mount Elgon, perhaps the largest single mountain in mass in Africa. People were so hungry for land that in places huge landslips could be seen, where farmers had cleared the land on slopes too steep for safe farming. Some of them had died in the landslips and even more made homeless.

Amazingly, the slopes and the great plain around Mount Elgon were heavily forested until very recently - the last 30 years. Trees were felled en masse, to provide land and firewood, almost all the cooking in Uganda being done with charcoal.

We were travelling in the company of Rogers Wasibi,  the co-ordinator of an excellent re-forestation project being supported by the Size of Wales charity and also just recently the Welsh Government, which has set up a Wales for Africa department. This Million Trees Project comes under the umbrella of a local charity which excellently has the joint aims of reducing poverty and improving the local environment.

Rogers drew out for us the effect of the growing population around Mount Elgon. With a biro, he sketched on my file a square, representing a farm.  “The average family in Uganda has six children, and the farm will be divided equally among the children.  So the farm size is getting smaller and smaller.”  He divided the farm into small plots.  “We are getting to the position that many plots are so small that they can only sustain one family;  they are not productive for anyone else.”

I mused to myself that the best work being done in Uganda by its myriad NGOs was not the admirable Busoga Trust, for whom we were working in its aims of bringing clean water to villages,  nor the incipient Size of Herefordshire charity, which plans to protect rainforest, but by the Marie Stopes birth control teams, moving around in shiny Landcruisers. 

___________________________________________________ 

Later that day, though, we cheered up. We visited a Women’s Bee-Keeping Development project, at Bumutanda. There experienced bee-keepers were teaching local women how to make hives - some could be made very cheaply by rolling up tree bark and straw-and how to harvest the honey, providing their families with an additional income. 

We walked a short way to a small wood in which perhaps 100 hives had been set up as a training area. Rogers said that fortunately the river was nearby so if the bees attacked, we could run for the water. (African bees are notoriously fierce.)

Back in the office, we were given a pot of the honey: wonderfully strong-tasting. I told my own experience of bee-keeping, that the temperaments of bees corresponded to national stereo-types.  When I got an Italian queen, the bees did little but laze in the sun drinking Campari sodas. A British queen produced bees which were short-tempered and apt to down tools at the least provocation. An Israeli queen had bees that worked as though there were on a kibbutz, not inner London. African bees, I was told, worked harder even than the Israelis.

My eye was caught by a placard on the wall.  Headed  A Vision Statement, it read: “To see members of the Bumutanda Women’s Group living in a beautiful countryside, all their children going to school, members eating meals twice a day and putting on good clothes.”

Well put, and movingly put, reminding that there are people here getting only one meal day.  Uganda today has 38 million people; on its current growth rate, it will have 50 million in ten years.  In 2024, will two meals a day be the standard  - or will more be on one meal?

___________________________________________________ 

In London just before leaving for Uganda, I caught up with old mates.  Now there are no friends like old friends, and seeing them again was heart-warming.   But I was surprised by the sight of one of them.    He had always been indifferent about his appearance, and indeed one of his finest virtues is his complete lack of interest in being trendily attired, in being well-connected, in going to the right clubs or in living in a fashionable part of the capital. His club has been the Leicester City supporters’ club and he has lived for years in an unremarkable outer suburb.  He has just been a top-notch journalist and whenever a newspaper owner has moved him aside for a name-to-conjure-with, the quality of the paper has declined, almost immediately.

For many years, his dentistry was an exemplar of what Americans call “British Teeth” and one admired him for it.  Imagine my shock on seeing him again to find that dentists had been to work in teams on his molars he now sported a shiny set of new uppers and lowers.   For a moment, I thought was in the presence of Donny Osmond.  If it has not been for his sex, I might have asked our host why Esther Rantzen had been invited.

I have comforted myself with the thought that there is little prospect of his new dentition being pampered. Before long, he will surely have lost a few of his front ones, giving him the aspect of Joe Jordan,  the Scottish forward who terrified defences just by opening his mouth.   When next my friend appears on Newsnight,  I confidently expect Jeremy Paxman to retreat in alarm.

 ___________________________________________________

We were away in Africa for the worst of the floods but kept abreast of the news with no trouble. Wherever there was wi-fi, I was able to download the day’s Guardian on my Kindle. 

The tales it told seemed very much how one had imagined the early effects of climate change to be:

  • People were harmed according to the vulnerability of where they lived, but nonetheless felt mystified and angry that flooding should have happened to them.  One family, having chosen to live on the Somerset Levels, demanded that since the government had not protected their house from floods, it should buy their house from them.  Expect much more of these confused rages in the future.   Climate change will be indifferent to those it harms, rich, poor, urban and rural. Though the first assaults interestingly seemed to discriminate against Tory constituencies.

  • Politicians hurled blame around like muck-spreaders on full power - but managed to do almost nothing about the real causes - rising C02 levels.

  • The BBC disgraced itself again by allowing Nigel Lawson, former Tory chancellor and moneyman, to debate climate change with a scientist who actually knew what he talked about. 

I would hope that rising acknowledgement about climate change will give a new lease of life to an idea that Ed Miliband embraced when he was in office as secretary of state for energy and climate change.  This was the notion of every adult in the country having a personal carbon allowance. Every time we buy a tankful of petrol, or a train ticket, or pay a gas or electricity bill or buy a plane ticket, the carbon involved would be recorded against our allowance. For instance, in flying to Uganda, my wife and I caused to be emitted 5.893 tons of carbon dioxide. (OK, we offset it through the World Land Trust, but yes, that is not enough). Once a certain level of carbon is reached, the allowance card would kick in with extra charges. This would make frequent flyers pay a lot more and would put up the prices of air travel, make it even more worthwhile to insulate your house, ride a bike etc. Those who underused their allowance - principally the poor – would get a refund. Last time, Gordon Brown, patron saint of bankers, refused to implement the allowance. But surely its time is coming.

Thursday 6th February 2014
Never fear, Paterson's here!
Contributor: Jeremy Bugler

In these dark months, keeping the chickens safe from foxes is a worry though the danger is actually the greatest in early spring when the vixen has given birth.  She goes on the prowl to search for food for the cubs.   I have developed two forms of protection on our farm.  The Japanese invention of the LED light is invaluable; foxes are very wary of lights at night, presumably thinking a human must be near.  So an LED light, using very little battery power, is turned on in the chicken run as dusk falls.

For daytime, I resort to different protection.  BBC Radio 4.  Its programming of near non-stop talking is ideal for simulating the presence of man and woman in the hen-house; the foxes appear to buy it, believing that Jane Garvey or Winifred Robinson are whiling away spare hours by hanging loose in rural sheds in Herefordshire.   Although the sounds amuse visitors to the yard, the foxes seem to keep clear.  I have a league table of effective-deterrent Radio 4 presenters. I don’t doubt that John Humphrys, flayer of politicians and BBC Director-Generals, would head the list, except the Today programme finishes before I have let the hens out and turned the radio on.  

The presenter of the early evening arts show, Mark Lawson, is a boon for the spring evenings;  his curious adams-apple voice and ponderous attempts at humour appear to make fox turn tail and run for her life. It may be of course that the fox disapproves of Lawson’s art criticism:  “He completely misunderstood Paul Klee’s middle period.   I couldn’t bear to listen”.

The best deterrent of all I am sure would be a strong Ulster Prod accent, the kind they used for cutting sheet steel in the Belfast shipyards. I only wish that Ian Paisley, with his thunderous shouts of “ Never ! Never!” was available on a tape I could play on a permanent loop. I am sure there wouldn’t be a fox living in West Herefordshire.

_______________________________________________ 

In its Environment Secretary, this Government has a genuine, 100 percent copper-bottomed dunderhead.  Owen Paterson is the man who launched the complete shambles of the badger culls, and then saying “the badgers moved the goalposts” to try to excuse himself from the disaster.  Last September, he pronounced on climate change, saying it could have positive results by reducing winter deaths and extending crop growing seasons. Then came the appalling winter weather, which any farmer could tell him has seriously damaged farming for next year. 

David Cameron himself has said that he is inclined to think climate change has contributed to our recent weather, but that’s the trouble with Cameron. He himself may be half-enlightened but he appoints knuckle-dragging cave-men to his Cabinet.   He has Ian Duncan-Smith as his secretary for social services, a man widely believed not to understand many of the papers which pass in front of him.  And he has a climate change sceptic as environment secretary.

All this might be simply subject for laughs in the pub, but both men do considerable damage.   Ulsterman Paterson has cut the UK’s spending on preparing for climate change.  Under his predecessor Caroline Spellman,  spending on global warming adaptation had risen 20 per cent; but it has fallen 41 per cent since Paterson replaced her.

What’s really concerning is that the Conservative Party is increasingly one of climate change deniers, backing the three per cent of scientists who don’t think anything untoward is happening.    It’s surely important to make this aspect of the Tories an issue for the General Election.    I am already thinking up slogans  “Vote Tory… and drown”, or in a twist to their 2010 slogan "Vote for climate Change".

_______________________________________________ 

One of the more unsettling sights of the past few weeks was that of Tony Blair at the funeral of Ariel Sharon.  Lefties have already commented that this was one unindicted war criminal paying homage to another.   Strictly speaking, though one of them was condemned by an official inquiry into his war action: Ariel Sharon.  In 1983, the Kahan Commission, set up by Israeli Government found that Sharon as defence minister bore “personal responsibility” for the massacre by Lebanese militia of Palestinian civilians in refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila.   The commission called on Sharon to resign and eventually he did.  So far Tony Blair has escaped unscathed, though there are signs that the Chilcot inquiry may take a tougher line that the soft-soap inquiries before, such as the one headed by Lord Hutton.

For myself, I thought it very insensitive of Blair, as the quartet’s Middle East envoy, to attend this funeral wearing Israeli colours on his lapel and the yarmulke skull cap on his head.  How was his presence right by the coffin and making a funeral address viewed by Arabs and Palestinians?   One can guess with great accuracy.

So far, the greatest loss for Blair has been in reputation and public standing.  It was diverting to read of the waiter in the East End restaurant trying to make a citizen’s arrest on Blair as he dined with friends and family.  Does he get it yet  - that many people are revolted by his action in going to war in Iraq and his refusal to apologise?

In nearby Hay on Wye a few years back, another attempt at a citizen’s arrest was made on an Iraq War player - the former US vice president under George W.Bush.    George Monbiot, the admirable environmentalist and moralist, decided to conduct it.  He thought it would be a good idea to put the tiny local police station in Hay in the picture. He walked in and spoke to the station’s sole policeman on duty: “Are you prepared to receive the ex-US Vice President?”  The police man chewed his pencil a bit and replied: “I think this is a Brecon job.”  (Brecon is the HQ of the local police.)

Buck passed like a Welsh three-quarter.

Sunday 15th December 2013
What Sir Jeremy Did Next...
Contributor: Jeremy Bugler

This blog, I would admit, has a fair amount of moralizing going on. It’s hard not to moralize when one lives in a world where trashing-the-planet is the order of the day and the trashers are running round denying that anything wrong is taking place.

But I’m sensitive to the moralizing charge, and all the more so for reading a passage in a novel called Augustus.  The novel is written by John Williams, the writer who has suddenly become a talking point.   His greatest work, Stoner, is the Waterstone’s Book of the Year 2013, and is second on their best-seller list, lagging only behind Sir Alex Ferguson’s autobiography.  Stoner’s achievement is all the more remarkable for the fact that John Williams has been dead for 19 years.

After Stoner John Williams wrote Augustus, which concerns the life of Caesar Augustus, told through the form of letters and memoirs by its characters. In a letter from Gaius Cilnius Maecenas to the historian Livy,  Williams has Maecenas write:

“And it seems to me that the moralist is the most contemptible and useless of creatures.   He is useless in that he would rather expend his energies upon making judgements than upon acquiring knowledge, for the reason that judgement is easy and knowledge is difficult.  He is contemptible in that his judgements reflect a vision of himself which in his ignorance and pride he would impose upon the world.  I implore you, do not become a moralist; you will destroy your art and your mind.”

I count myself tasked to acquire more knowledge.

________________________________________

My moralizing tendency was set in full swing the other day by reading Henry Porter, the journalist who strives to protect our freedoms, in The Observer the other day,   Porter was expostulating about the extraordinary impasse in which the official Inquiry into the Iraq War has found itself. Lord Chilcott and his fellows on the inquiry want to release to the public, when their report is finally published, the exchanges between President Bush and Tony Blair in the run up to the war.

The Cabinet Secretary is not permitting their release on the grounds that it would prejudice the future free exchange of messages between world leaders. But who is the Cabinet Secretary now?  Why, it is Sir Jeremy Heywood, former principle Private Secretary to Tony Blair in the run-up to the Iraq War.

There could hardly be a more cut-and-dried example of a conflict of interest. The exchanges might indict not only Sir Jeremy’s boss but even conceivably Sir Jeremy himself, remembering that the Iraq war may have been an illegal action.

Picking up Maecenas’s exortation to acquire knowledge, I have looked a little into Sir Jeremy’s past.    One quickly finds that Sir Jeremy ceased to be Blair’s right hand man just as the war started; “He left the civil service in the wake of the Hutton Inquiry” says his Wikipedia entry “where it emerged that Heywood claimed to have never minuted  the meetings in the Prime Ministerial offices about Dr David Kelly, a job he was acquired to do.”

So here we have the Cabinet Secretary with a track record of intermittent record-keeping refusing to release official records to the inquiry into the greatest British political controversy of this century on the grounds that such a release would inhibit future proper record-keeping.

It’s a nonsense as well as a constitutional outrage.  The point about inhibiting future exchanges is a fair one; leaders will find an unrecordable way of communicating if they feel that what they say might one day find their way into the common prints.   Yet the Iraq War has so poisoned modern British politics, so eroded public trust in our political leaders, that publication is the only way forward.  Lord David Owen’s suggestion that the power over this matter must be taken away from the compromised Sir Jeremy to someone else, perhaps the Lord Chancellor, is surely right.

_______________________________________

I was interested to discover What Sir Jeremy Did Next.   Well, when he left Whitehall, he became managing director of Morgan Stanley’s UK Investment Banking Division.   There he became involved in the Southern Cross scandal that almost saw 30,000 elderly people being made homeless, when Morgan Stanley advised on the flotation of the care homes provider, although Sir J did not directly work on the deal.

Fascinating how Morgan Stanley has become a kind of care home for ex-No Ten staff. Where Tony Blair himself left office, he joined… Morgan Stanley.  When his personal secretary at No 10, Jonathan Powell, left his job, he joined…Morgan Stanley.

I am almost tempted to apply to join the Civil Service, even at this late stage. I might end up with a wonderfully paid job at Morgan Stanley.   And to those who ask what on earth this stuff about Sir Jeremy has to do with resilience, my reply is simple: Cohesive, resilient societies require governance which is above any suspicion.

________________________________________

Observations on modern consumerism:

  1.  Seen in The Observer magazine: A woman thrills about her new kitchen and its marble work surfaces. To be sure of getting the right marble, she flew all the way to Verona to choose it.

  2.  Heard on Radio 4: a doctor relates how young girls are increasingly applying to the NHS for labia-plasty, as they are ashamed about the appearance of their labia.   The doctor says she has young girls weeping in her surgery when they are told it’s not on.  Not because the surgery is not available or not on the NHS, but because they are too young for such surgery.

 

Concerned that Maecenas may be watching, I refrain from comment.

Tuesday 12th November 2013
The return of the Upper Class Twits of the Year
Contributor: Jeremy Bugler

Of course, the names of the godparents to Prince George are a hoot:  Jamie Lowther-Pinkerton; Emelia Jardine-Paterson, Earl Grosvenor, William Van Cutsem.  They were too much for Jo Brand on Have I Got News for You. She made a witty crack that got Royalists tetchy (“William van cuts’em, then Harry van snorts ’em.”)  On the one hand, what would you expect with the upper froth?  Darrens and Kevins? (Though “Earl” Grosvenor sounds a bit transatlantic-common. As in “Homer” Simpson.)

But then I reflected that this toff crowd were also a reflection of how Britain’s elite have retained their grip on our society.  In the sixties, there was an intoxicating belief that at last there signs that Britain was going to become a more egalitarian society.  The nurseries of the elite, the public schools and Oxford and Cambridge, would be reformed, the public schools by removing their perks, and Oxbridge by a banning of their historic links with public schools, or even, as the educationist Tyrell Burgess advocated, by transforming them into post-graduate colleges only.  Etonians and Old Harrovians would find themselves at Sussex or Simon de Montfort. In these and other ways (taxation of land, reducing the importance of the City in the economy, an end to the peerage, restrictions on the Royals and so forth) a more equal British society would emerge, in which the bed in which the baby is born would matter less. 

The upper classes, I rather thought, would also wither under the sheer scorn of humour.  Think of the Pythons sketch of Upper Class Twit of The Year, in which Nigels and Algernons and Julians fell over fences, hawing and halloo-ing.

 

Well of course, we know what happened.  The elite never slackened their grip, the radicals were outwitted.  When Richard Crossman as education minister in a Labour Government wanted to take the first steps in reforming the public schools, he was outflanked by the senior civil servant in his department, who scuppered the legislation.  It turned out this uncivil servant was a governor of Westminster school.  Comprehensive schools were hobbled by rear-guard actions by grammar schools so they never got a comprehensive intake, and by rabid campaigns by the finest press in the west.  Oxbridge colleges defended every privilege, putting up a smokescreen of fair access. Then came Thatcher, the privatisation of public assets, and the financialisation of the economy, carried on by the direful duo, Blair-and-Brown.  We were very naïve.

For anyone who held high hopes for progressive change, as David Starkey has commented, the outturn of the last 50 years has been regressive and depressing.  Today, we have a Britain where there’s rapidly growing inequality, the super-rich pigging it  Richard Branson’s tax-status as a resident of his Caribbean island (“because of my health”) is an example, much of his wealth coming from Virgin Rail’s ransacking of the public purse. Meanwhile the less well-off are living on minimum wages, zero-hour contracts and turning to food banks.

Supremely emblematic of Britain we have now is a tower block of private flats being built at the Elephant and Castle in London.  The developer Land Lease Ltd bought the site from Southwark Council but argued successfully against having to include any affordable flats.  The reason?  If it did so, it would have to build also a separate entrance and lifts for the plebeian tenants, as it was inconceivable that private tenants would want to have a flat, or travel in a lift, where they might be forced to rub shoulders with the common people.  Well, they can niff a bit, the poor.

It is a very unequal, very divided and consequently a very unresilient Britain we have today.

______________________________ 

Recent headline in The Guardian:  `I am good at absorbing others’ pain’, says former PM Blair.    Serious typos, surley.

______________________________

The grip of free market economics has much to answer for in the outcome of a highly unegalitarian Britain.  So it was cheering to read that economics undergraduates at Manchester University have formed the Post-Crash Economics Society, which they hope will be replicated in other universities.  The students criticise university courses for doing little to explain why economists failed to warn of the impending crash and for doing too much just training students for the City.  Next month, they will publish a manifesto proposing sweeping reforms to Manchester University’s economics curriculum.  The Guardian reports that a growing number of top economists, such as Ha-Joon Chang, who teaches at Cambridge, are backing the students.

Well, about bloody time.  The way economists have refused to confront the lessons of the crash has been startling.  It was good to see The Observer devote its main leader to the issue, attacking particular our growth model for the last 30 years – shareholder value – with everything else (employee rights, those of savers and consumers) left to the winds of the market.

Free beer to the Man U students, please.

______________________________

A perception from America’s greatest contemporary novelist: “I think we all know that the earth might be reaching the end of its tolerance for our presumptions.” Marilynne Robinson in her essay Freedom of Thought.

______________________________

In Herefordshire, we have just had one of the wettest of Octobers.  At Garnon’s Estate across the river, the rain gauge measured over ten inches for the month. Nationally, this October was the wettest this century and the ninth wettest in the last 100 years.

So I was startled to hear the affable Monty Don on Gardeners’ World the other day, speaking from his Herefordshire garden not far away from us, that this was a pretty average autumn, not particularly wet or dry.  This pronouncement confirmed for my suspicion that television presenters, even of gardening programmes, don’t get out much.  I suspect they do short stints for the cameras, supervise the staff clipping the box hedges or tuning the Ferraris, and get back indoors to watch boxed sets of Homeland or Breaking Bad.

    01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16