The Black Death struck Europe in 1347, killing 30-50% of the European population in six viole...
The Black Death struck Europe in 1347, killing 30-50% of the European population in six viole...
Anna Brown, Senior Associate Director at the Rockefeller Foundation and Manager of the Asian ...
And a cold spring we have had of it. I have been a faithful labourer in the vineyard (or rather, orchard) during bitter winds, hail storms and rasping rain. Yet it is been a rewarding time, for we have been pruning the five acre orchard and its 144 apple trees and six perry pears. In earlier years, I have done all the pruning myself, but now the trees have grown too large – they were planted about 15 years ago, as single standards, that is, proper trees, under which sheep can safely graze, not the stunted bush trees which are grown by most commercial cider farms. Also, I have developed a tendency to fall off the ladders as I reach for a difficult cut.
So this year I called in expert help – Laurence Green and Julia Morton, from Orchard Origins. They arrived carrying long Japanese pole-saws, which meant they didn’t have to climb the trees but could do the job from the ground. Much of the job lies in judging which cut to make - to balance the tree, to cut out a branch that is growing too big and threatening to take over from the main trunk, to cut out a crossing branch. They also were asked by me to cut out all mistletoe shoots. Mistletoe is threating Herefordshire orchards by overwhelming them with growth, which saps the vigour of the tree.
Then they got to it. Such was the energy needed for the job, said Lawrence, that they could do only five hours before calling it a day. As the employer, I found myself musing that Eastern Europeans might have found the extra energy, but then I was the employer…
Now the pruned branches -or leavings as Laurence terms them – have all been gathered up into a huge pile at one end of the orchard, where they will provide cover for wildlife. And the trees are - at long bloody last - coming into bud, as this weekend the weather has warmed.
Just above the orchard, on a steeply sloping hillside, the name of our village - Blakemere - is just becoming visible. It was planted out in daffodils by some loyal villagers to mark the Queen’s Silver Jubilee. I rather like seeing the letters appear slowly, getting more and more legible, but then I get irritated at its royalist message. I am thinking of getting some more daffodil bulbs and adding the extra words THE REPUBLIC OF…to BLAKEMERE. Juvenile I know, but it would annoy some royalists, which must be worth something.
We had a scare the other night, which cost me a sleepless night. The agricultural subsidy system is being reformed, with a new scheme coming into effect this year. Reading the documentation, I became convinced that our farm would no longer qualify for subsidy. Now in principle I agree with many, including my old friend Peter Wilby, former editor of the New Statesman, that it is a kind of larceny on the public purse for this one industry – agriculture – to be subsidised, or feather-bedded or spoon-fed, as he would likely put it. The trouble is this subsidy is very useful for the way we run our farm. For instance, we have this spring dug a large pond in the corner of a field for wildlife. All in all, it will cost us about £1,500. The largesse from the taxpayers to J & S Bugler will come in useful for this sort of thing. So I was relieved to hear the Rural Payments Agency that our subsidy will continue. But I agree, subsidy being dolled simply for owning land, is not right.
Jeremy Clarkson has gone from Top Gear but how do I get him off my mobile phone? I have written before about this: when I text on my smartphone, and sign off with `Jeremy’, the phone offers the next word as `Clarkson.’ Immediately a jet of acid hits my stomach. I am hoping that after he shifts to a new ITV show (entitled Petrolheads: Running on Empty?), he will gradually drift into obscurity and when I type in `Jeremy’ in the future it will suggest `Irons’ or even `Paxman’. Anything rather the lantern-jawed monster.
The dumping of the Clarkson though does give the BBC a chance to reformat Top Gear into a programme that takes account of climate change, the accidents fast cars cause, the encouragement to testosterone-heavy kids it affords, as in the edition last week when the absurd Clarkson and his fellow arrested-development presenters hurled ridiculous cars around a track. I mean this seriously: Two young lads from the next village were killed last year, going 85 without proper brakes. I bet they loved Top Gear.
Few things irritate me more than the FAQ lists which prominent companies post on their websites. After having our emails and domain name with Demon for more than 25 years, we suddenly have found that Demon’s new owners Vodafone have flogged them off, without so much as a by-your-leave. They’ve been chucked to another company, named IntY Ltd, who sound like makers of men’s underpants, who in turn have dumped them on a firm called Names.Co. Of course, few will have heard of either firm. I spent a full half day working out how our email domain would work with Names.co. This company has all the flannel - a website featuring a smiling woman and the slogan “We have real people behind our website and they are ready and waiting to talk to you!”
In fact of course, if you ring Names.co, you get an interminable press 1, press 2, press 3 before “All of our operators are busy at the moment.” And you hold on, and hold on, and hold on until the spirit to live departs.
The FAQs of Demon,Vodafone and Names.co list many questions but never the ones you really want.
Such as: “Why did you not seek my consent before dumping my domain on an unknown company operating out of a trading estate in Worcester.?”
Or: “How can I get this reversed and my domain etc put back with Demon?”
And even more: “How can I dump a bucket of wet North Sea herring over the head of Jereom Hoencamp, Vodaphone’s CEO ?”. He’s Dutch after all.
I learned something shocking today. This article reported the striking fact that "If you’re younger than 30, you’ve never experienced a month in which the average surface temperature of the Earth was below average."
According to figures from the US National Climatic Data Centre, the last month that was at or below that 1900s average was February 1985 when "Ronald Reagan had just started his second presidential term and Foreigner had the number one single with “I want to know what love is.”
Co-incidentaly it was also the first full month that this author spent on earth. Trying deparately to avoid any paranoid egocentrism, the news that, from a climate change perspective, it's been going downhill ever since I was born, has come as quite a shock.
As the article points out, it is significant that the temperatures have been above average for 30 years. The traditional scientific definition of 'climate' is the 30-year average of the weather. So assuming that February 2015 is also above average (the results are not in for that one yet), then this will mark the point when we can catigorically say that the earth's climate has changed.
The relavtively stable climate that humanity has enjoyed for centuries has come to an end. This remember, is the climate in which humans developed agriculture, industrialised and urbanised, settled on coasts, and built on floodplains. The stability of this climate is over.
It has been replaced by a climate that is gradually warming, we do not know how human or ecological systems will cope with these changes. We are entering a time of great uncertainty. A time when resilience will be crucial to our continued prosperity.
Today the Resilient Cities Asia-Pacific 2015 Congress witnessed the launch of a new toolkit to help local governments build resilience to climate change. The 'ICLEI ACCCRN Process (IAP)' has been developed by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability’s South Asia and Oceania offices through involvement with the Rockefeller Foundation-supported Asian Cities Climate Change Resilient Network (ACCCRN) program. Present on the stage for the launch were Gino Van Begin, Secretary General, ICLEI; Emani Kumar, Deputy Secretary General, ICLEI; Bernie Cotter, Managing Director, ICLEI Oceania Secretariat; Yeonhee Park, Director, ICLEI Korea; Sunandan Tiwari, Deputy Director, ICLEI South Asia; Qiaoqiao Xu, Program Officer, ICLEI East Asia Secretariat; Ashvin Dayal, Managing Director, Rockefeller Foundation Asia Office; and Anna Brown, Senior Associate Director, Rockefeller Foundation Asia Office.
“We need to make people realise the need to make our cities resilient, to implement it in our climate regimes. We need to engage the government and the people to discuss on global steps that can be taken to make our cities more liveable. All of us make a city and hence the steps to make our cities more resilient have to come from all of us as well, mutually!”, said Gino Van Begin, Secretary General, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability.
The toolkit enables local governments to assess their climate risks in the context of urbanisation, poverty and vulnerability and formulate corresponding resilience strategies.
With a strong city focus, this toolkit is targeted at city governments and their role in catalysing community building. It provides a streamlined process that is simple and yet rigorous, and which can be implemented by the cities themselves, with only minimal need for external support. It enables local governments to assess their climate risks, formulate and implement corresponding resilience strategies.
“Resilience is a process, and hence the term ICLEI ACCCRN Process“, said Sunandan Tiwari, Deputy Director, ICLEI South Asia.
A copy of the toolkit can be seen here:
This article first appeared on the ICLEI 'Talk of the cities' blog and has been republished here with permission. To view the post in its original habitat please click here.
Urban populations around the world are growing rapidly, and nowhere more so than in the Asia-Pacific region. It is a trend that does not appear to be slowing. The UN human settlements programme predicts that by 2050 70% of the world’s population will live in cities. For south Asia, this means more pressure on existing metropolises, and many more smaller cities becoming large urban centres. The fast-paced rise of such cities presents a huge number of challenges, with demand for infrastructure, water, energy and other services set to rise considerably. Added to these challenges is an urgent need for cities to become more resilient to the impacts of climate change. So how will the Asian cities’ infrastructure, communities and governance structures cope?
These are some of the issues that form the basis of the 1st Resilient Cities Asia-Pacific 2015 congress, kicking off in Bangkok on Wednesday. Hosted by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, and the World Mayors Council on Climate Change, the 3-day congress will bring together experts, policy makers and researchers on urban resilience to discuss the issues.
Topics at the conference will range from financing mechanisms to disaster risk reduction and ideas of loss and damage for cities. Notably the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) will be launching a regional network of practitioners to help to kick-start the sharing of ideas and knowledge for building climate resilience around the region. The ACCCRN network arises from the work already undertaken in 30+ projects across 10 cities in the South-Asia region. By connecting climate resilience practitioners around the South Asia region, it is hoped that the ACCCRN regional network will lead to more and better climate resilience projects in Asian cities. Insights from the initial set of ACCCRN projects have been published in a recent report.
The Resilient Cities Asia-Pacific 2015 will attract around more than 200 participants from Asia Pacific and beyond, including Mayors, high ranking city officials, representatives from development and UN agencies, researchers as well as potential financiers.
Want to know how to keep up to date with the conference? Check out this handy infographic:
Trees are great scatterers of benisons. They give shade and fruit while they live, and habitats for countless creatures. When they die, or we cut them down, they give their timber – and their firewood.
One of the pleasures of living in the countryside, especially now in winter, is the burning of logs from familiar trees. A huge old cherry not far from our house failed entirely to come out in leaf two springs ago, so we had it felled, neatly to avoid other trees and greenhouses before it felled them. It had carried on its trunk two man-made features – a bat-box, put up by me, and a car horn. Attached by our predecessor on the farm, Edmund Wall.
Until the day he sold to us, Edmund slept in the bedroom in which he was born; on his bedside table a switch was mounted. Running from the switch was a wire, going out of the window, across the yard to the old cherry.
In the summer, when the cherries were ripe, the tree would be thick with birds eating their fill. But Edmund awoke in the early daylight, he would blast the car horn at intervals, scattering the plunderers. He was much more successful at getting a cherry crop than we have been.
When felled the cherry yielded a score of fine one-inch thick planks, some of which my old mate Dave is now making into a bookcase. But there was also a lot of firewood and we are now being kept warm in the evening by these wonderful logs, sawn and split by our peerless son-in-law Yann, with assistance from The Grandsons.
A huge ash tree has blown down in the Long Field and in a few days, Yann and The Grandsons will arrive. The chainsaw will make short work of the tree and The Grandsons will ferry the blocks in the quad-bike trailer into a dry corner of the barn. After splitting, they’ll lie there for two years before we burn them. It is immensely cheering to see this pile, a promise of future warmth.
Ash is said to burn wet or dry, but it’s much better after a couple of years seasoning. Oak is not my favourite firewood; it tends to smoulder rather than blaze. We once bought in a pick-up load of oak, sold as seasoned, and had to dry the logs in the stove before they would burn at all.
Best burning wood of all, in my book, and even better than fruit wood, is hawthorn. It blazes fiercely, lasts a long time and gives out a terrific heat. Though I have to say that the greatest heat from wood I ever experienced was from a spar of pitch-pine we found washed up on a Pembrokeshire beach. The heat was so intense we almost had to leave the county, let alone the house.
Talking of the fruit of trees, we are proud to have produced, from a four-and-a-half acre orchard, nearly £3,000 worth of organic cider apples, delivered to the peerless Dunkerton Cider Company - of Herefordshire, where else?
A few months ago, a group us in Herefordshire were lucky enough to get a special visit from a man from the deep rainforest. We’ve been trying to set up a local group to get funds to protect an area of rainforest in Peru the size of the county (hence the name of our project The Size of Herefordshire). Dilwyn Jenkins had come hot foot from the Peruvian Amazon where he had worked for great stretches of his life, especially with a tribe called the Ashaninka, helping them to protect their forests from loggers and miners.
A large genial man, he spoke rivetingly and inspiringly. People came away from hearing him saying they had new courage for the fight. So it was with utter dismay that I set my Kindle going yesterday, scanned the Guardian’s obituaries to read that Dilwyn had died unexpectedly at the age of 57. What a fearful loss, to his family, to Wales where he lived, to Peru and its forests and to the planet. His death will make us more determined than ever to get the Size of Herefordshire in the air.
My eye was caught by a story in the New York Times last week, which had echoes of a South London disaster. The NYT story relates how farmers in the mid-west are now deploying combine harvesters with such sophisticated electronics – GPS data from satellites etc – that they cost half a million bucks. A decade ago, a combine cost perhaps $65,000.
Such is the cost of the new combines that their technology is best maximised by growing crops at the largest possible scale, with easy-to-grow and easy-to-sell crops such as corn and soybeans. In other words, the technology is dictating that the farmer grows mono-crops on a vast acreage. This is a certain sure recipe for disaster. The Pest-Making God in the sky must be rubbing his hands.
The South London parallel lies in the Aylesbury Estate in Southwark, an enormous estate of slab blocks which became a short-hand for urban social problems caused by lousy architecture. As if the Aylesbury hadn’t enough to contend with, it was once even used by Blair for a policy launch.
One reason why the Aylesbury was so badly designed was that Southwark architects deployed a type of system-building called 12-M Jespersen. This Danish idea deployed slab walling, dropped into place by vast cranes. To get economies of scale, the cranes need long runs, so that their tracks did not have to be re-laid. One of the Aylesbury’s blocks was the longest in Britain. A resident once said to me: “What gets me is that I can stand out here, looking at that block, and I can’t even make out where my flat is.”
It cost Southwark Council millions to pull the blocks down after only 30 years. Jespersen, doubtless, was carting his kroners to the bank.
Speaking of Blair, as sadly one is forced to from time to time, I wonder how much damage has been inflicted on Save The Children by the American branch awarding Blair a Global Legacy gong. The boss of Save The Children International was plainly shocked by the reaction in the UK, where many have seen the award as bizarre as Henry Kissinger, the illegal bomber of Cambodia, picking up the Nobel Peace Prize. Jasmine Whitbread said “SCUS simply did not anticipate anything sensitive. In the USA, Tony Blair is widely seen very positively for his contribution to international aid.”
The gullibility of Americans amazes. In much of the rest of the world, Tony Blair is widely seen very negatively for his contribution to international mayhem, and especially the slaughter of countless innocent children.
What I also find interesting is to learn how Save The Children UK turns out to be as stuffed with Blairites as a Christmas pudding is of raisins. Its chief executive Justin Forsyth was a former Blair employee at in Downing Street and it turns out he played a key role in getting Blair the award, delivering the invitation. Then there is Jonathan Powell, Blair’s former chief of staff and a facilitator of the Iraq War; he is on the Save The Children Board. (I expect he was invited on by his old mate Justin). Even the chair of the Trustees, Sir Alan Parker, is described as a colleague of Blair’s.
What’s going on? It’s simple really: just as corporations that plunder the environment adopt a few green policies as fig-leaves, greenwash – so politicians with blood on their hands take on charitable work as smoke-screen. This time the smoke has blown clear.
What an awful error by Save The Children, which does good things and has many terrific employees. If I was Fiona Whitbread, or indeed a trustee of Save The Children UK, I would purge the Blairites.